Which one of the following is a common data warehouse schema?
Snowflake enables data storage, processing, and analytic solutions that are faster, easier to use, and far more flexible than traditional offerings. The Snowflake data platform is not built on any existing database technology or “big data” software platforms such as Hadoop.
What R package makes it easy to work with dates?
Lubridate is an R package that makes it easier to work with dates and times.
Which of the following value is the measure of dispersion "range" between the scores of ten students in a test.
The scores of ten students in a test are 17, 23, 30, 36, 45, 51, 58, 66, 72, 77.
The correct answer is: 60
Range is the interval between the highest and the lowest score.
Range is a measure of variability or scatteredness of the varieties or observations among themselves and does not give an idea about the spread of the observations around some central value.
Symbolically R = Hs - Ls.
Where R = Range; Hs is the 'Highest score' and Ls is the Lowest Score.
The scores of ten students in a test are: 17, 23, 30, 36, 45, 51, 58, 66, 72, 77.
The highest score is 77 and the lowest score is 17.
So the range is the difference between these two scores Range = 77 - 17 = 60
Which of the following is a control measure for preventing a data breach?
This is because data encryption is a type of control measure that prevents a data breach, which is an unauthorized or illegal access or use of data by an external or internal party. Data encryption can prevent a data breach by protecting and securing the data using a code or a key that scrambles or transforms the data into an unreadable or incomprehensible format, which can only be decoded or restored by authorized users who have the correct code or key. For example, data encryption can prevent a data breach by encrypting the data in transit or at rest, such as when the data is sent over a network or stored in a device. The other control measures are not used for preventing a data breach. Here is why:
Which of the following are reasons to create and maintain a data dictionary? (Choose two.)
A data dictionary is a collection of metadata that describes the data elements in a database or dataset. It can help improve data acquisition by providing information about the data sources, formats, quality, and usage. It can also help remember specifics about data fields, such as their names, definitions, types, sizes, and relationships. Therefore, options B and D are correct.
Option A is incorrect because it is not a reason to create and maintain a data dictionary, but a benefit of doing so.
Option C is incorrect because specifying user groups for databases is not a function of a data dictionary, but a function of a database management system or a security policy.
Option E is incorrect because confining breaches of PHI data is not a function of a data dictionary, but a function of a data protection or encryption system.
Option F is incorrect because reducing processing power requirements is not a function of a data dictionary, but a function of a data compression or optimization system.
While reviewing survey data, a research analyst notices data is missing from all the responses to a single question. Which of the following methods would BEST address this issue?
This is because missing data is a type of data quality issue that occurs when data is absent or incomplete in a data set, which can affect the accuracy and reliability of the analysis or process. Missing data can be caused by various factors, such as human error, system error, or non-response. Missing data can be addressed by using various methods, such as replacing missing data, which means filling in or imputing the missing values with some reasonable estimates, such as mean, median, mode, or regression. The other methods are not used to address missing data. Here is why:
An e-commerce company recently tested a new website layout. The website was tested by a test group of customers, and an old website was presented to a control group. The table below shows the percentage of users in each group who made purchases on the websites:
Which of the following conclusions is accurate at a 95% confidence interval?
The conclusion that is accurate at a 95% confidence interval is that in general, users who visit the new website are more likely to make a purchase. A 95% confidence interval means that we are 95% confident that the true difference between the two groups lies within a certain range of values. To calculate the 95% confidence interval, we can use the following formula:
CI = (p1 - p2) ± 1.96 * sqrt(p * (1 - p) * (1/n1 + 1/n2))
where p1 and p2 are the conversion rates for the test and control groups, respectively, p is the pooled conversion rate, n1 and n2 are the sample sizes for the test and control groups, respectively, and 1.96 is the z-score for a 95% confidence level.
Using this formula, we can calculate the 95% confidence interval for each country as follows:
Country | p1 | p2 | n1 | n2 | p | CI United States | 0.12 | 0.11 | 2000 | 2000 | 0.115 | (-0.006, 0.026) Germany | 0.06 | 0.04 | 1000 | 1000 | 0.05 | (-0.002, 0.042) United Kingdom | 0.09 | 0.07 | 1500 | 1500 | 0.08 | (-0.003, 0.053) France | 0.08 | 0.08 | 1200 | 1200 | 0.08 | (-0.024, 0.024) Canada | 0.05 | 0.03 | 800 | 800 | 0.04 | (-0.005, 0.045)
We can see that for all countries except France, the confidence interval does not include zero, which means that the difference between the test and control groups is statistically significant at a 95% confidence level. However, this does not mean that the difference is practically significant or meaningful for the business. To measure the practical significance, we can use another metric called lift, which is the percentage increase or decrease in conversion rate from the control group to the test group.
Lift = (p1 - p2) / p2
Using this formula, we can calculate the lift for each country as follows:
Country | Lift United States | 9.09% Germany | 50% United Kingdom |28.57% France|0% Canada|66.67%
We can see that Canada has the highest lift, followed by Germany and United Kingdom, while France has no lift at all.
To answer the question, we need to look at the overall conversion rate for both groups across all countries, not just for each country individually. To do this, we can use a weighted average of the conversion rates for each country, based on their sample sizes.
Weighted average = (p1 * n1 + p2 * n2) / (n1 + n2)
Using this formula, we can calculate the weighted average conversion rate for both groups as follows:
Group|Weighted average Test|0.084 Control|0.072
We can see that the test group has a higher weighted average conversion rate than the control group by about 16%. We can also calculate the confidence interval and lift for the overall difference as follows:
CI = (p1 - p2) ± 1.96 * sqrt(p * (1 - p) * (1/n1 + 1/n2)) = (0.084 - 0.072) ± system The assistant’s response has exceeded the maximum character limit of . Please shorten your response or split it into multiple messages.
You are working with a professional statistician to perform an analysis and would like to use a statistics package.
Which one of the following would be the most appropriate?
Minitab is statistical analysis software. It can be used for learning about statistics as well as statistical research. Statistical analysis computer applications have the advantage of being accurate, reliable, and generally faster than computing statistics and drawing graphs by hand.
Which of the following would be considered non-personally identifiable information?
Non-personally identifiable information (non-PII) is any data that cannot be used to identify, contact, or locate a specific individual, either alone or combined with other sources. Non-PII can include aggregated statistics, anonymous data, device identifiers, IP addresses, cookies, and other types of information that do not reveal the identity or location of a person. Cell phone device name is an example of non-PII, as it does not reveal any personal information about the owner or user of the device. Therefore, the correct answer is A. References: What is Non-Personally Identifiable Information (Non-PII)? | Definition and Examples, What is Personally Identifiable Information (PII)? | Definition and Examples
A data analyst must separate the column shown below into multiple columns for each component of the name:
Which of the following data manipulation techniques should the analyst perform?
Parsing is the data manipulation technique that should be used to separate the column into multiple columns for each component of the name. Parsing is the process of breaking down a string of text into smaller units, such as words, symbols, or numbers. Parsing can be used to extract specific information from a text column, such as names, addresses, phone numbers, etc. Parsing can also be used to split a text column into multiple columns based on a delimiter, such as a comma, space, or dash1. In this case, the analyst can use parsing to split the column by the comma delimiter and create three new columns: one for the last name, one for the first name, and one for the middle initial. This will make the data more organized and easier to analyze.
Daniel is using the structured Query language to work with data stored in relational database.
He would like to add several new rows to a database table.
What command should he use?
The INSERT command is used to add new records to a database table.
The SELECT command is used to retrieve information from a database. It's the most commonly used command in SQL because it is used to pose queries to the database and retrieve the data that you're interested in working with.
The UPDATE command is used to modify rows in the database.
The CREATE command is used to create a new table within your database or a new database on your server.
Which of the following can be used to translate data into another form so it can only be read by a user who has a key or a password?
Data encryption can be used to translate data into another form so it can only be read by a user who has a key or a password. Data encryption is a process of transforming data using an algorithm or a cipher to make it unreadable to anyone except those who have the key or the password to decrypt it. Data encryption is a common method of protecting data from unauthorized access, modification, or theft. Reference: Guide to CompTIA Data+ and Practice Questions - Pass Your Cert
Which of the following is a process that is used during data integration to collect, blend, and load data?
ETL is a process that is used during data integration to collect, blend, and load data. ETL stands for extract, transform, and load, which are the three main steps involved in moving data from different sources to a common destination, such as a data warehouse or a data lake. ETL helps to consolidate and standardize data for analysis and reporting purposes. References: CompTIA Data+ Certification Exam Objectives, page 12
A data analyst for a media company needs to determine the most popular movie genre. Given the table below:
Which of the following must be done to the Genre column before this task can be completed?
The action that must be done to the Genre column before this task can be completed is delimit. Delimit is a process of separating or splitting a string of text into multiple parts based on a delimiter, which is a character or a sequence of characters that marks the boundary between the parts. For example, a comma (,) or a semicolon (;) can be used as a delimiter. In this case, the Genre column contains multiple genres for each movie, separated by commas. To determine the most popular movie genre, the data analyst needs to delimit the Genre column by commas, so that each genre can be counted and compared separately. The other options are not relevant for this task, as they are related to combining or joining strings or tables, not separating them. Append is a process of adding or attaching one string or table to the end of another string or table. Merge is a process of combining or joining two or more tables into one table based on a common column or key. Concatenate is a process of joining or linking two or more strings together into one string. Reference: [How to Split Text in Excel - Exceljet]
An analyst needs to provide a chart to identify the composition between the categories of the survey response data set:
Which of the following charts would be BEST to use?
The best chart to use to identify the composition between the categories of the survey response data set is a pie chart. A pie chart is a circular chart that shows the relative proportions of different categories in a whole. A pie chart is divided into slices that represent the percentage or frequency of each category. A pie chart is suitable for displaying categorical data that has a few categories and does not have any hierarchical or temporal relationship. In this case, a pie chart can show the composition of the favorite colors among the survey respondents, as well as the percentage of each color. The other options are not as good as a pie chart for this purpose, as they are more suitable for displaying numerical data that has some kind of distribution, trend, correlation, or comparison. A histogram is a bar chart that shows the frequency distribution of a single numerical variable. A line chart is a chart that shows the change of one or more numerical variables over time or another continuous variable. A scatter plot is a chart that shows the relationship between two numerical variables by plotting them as points on a Cartesian plane. A waterfall chart is a chart that shows how an initial value is increased or decreased by a series of intermediate values, resulting in a final value. Reference: [Choosing the Right Chart Type - DataCamp]
A table in a hospital database has a column for patient height in inches and a column for patient height in centimeters. This is an example of:
This is because redundant data is a type of data that is unnecessary or irrelevant for the analysis or purpose, which can affect the efficiency and performance of the analysis or process. Redundant data can be caused by having multiple data fields that store the same or similar information, such as patient height in inches and patient height in centimeters in this case. Redundant data can be eliminated or reduced by using data cleansing techniques, such as removing or merging the redundant data fields. The other types of data are not examples of data that is unnecessary or irrelevant for the analysis or purpose. Here is what they mean in terms of data quality:
A publishing group has requested a dashboard to track submissions before publication. A key requirement is that all changes are tracked, as multiple users will be checking out documents and editing them before submissions are considered final. Which of the following is the BEST way to meet this stakeholder requirement?
A static report is a type of report that shows a snapshot of data at a specific point in time. A static report does not change or update automatically, unless the data source is refreshed or the report is regenerated. A static report is suitable for situations where the data does not change frequently or where historical data is needed for comparison or analysis. In this case, the data analyst is asked to create a sales report for the second-quarter 2020 board meeting, which will include a review of the business’s performance through the second quarter. The board meeting will be held on July 15, 2020, after the numbers are finalized. This means that the data analyst does not need to show real-time or dynamic data, but rather a fixed and accurate view of the sales data for the second quarter. Therefore, a static report would be the best way to meet this stakeholder requirement. Therefore, the correct answer is A. References: What are Static Reports? | Sisense, Static vs Dynamic Reports - What’s The Difference? | datapine
Which of the following statistical methods requires two or more categorical variables?
This is because a chi-squared test is a type of statistical method that tests the association or independence between two or more categorical variables, such as gender, race, or occupation. A chi-squared test can be used to compare the observed frequencies of the categories with the expected frequencies under the null hypothesis of no association or independence. For example, a chi-squared test can be used to determine if there is a relationship between smoking and lung cancer. The other statistical methods do not require two or more categorical variables. Here is why:
Simple linear regression is a type of statistical method that models the relationship between a continuous dependent variable and a continuous or categorical independent variable, such as height, weight, or education level. A simple linear regression can be used to estimate the slope and intercept of the best-fitting line that describes how the dependent variable changes with the independent variable. For example, a simple linear regression can be used to predict the weight of a person based on their height.
Z-test is a type of statistical method that tests the significance of the difference between a sample mean and a population mean, or between two sample means, when the population standard deviation or the sample sizes are large enough. A z-test can be used to compare the average scores of two groups of students on a standardized test.
Two-sample t-test is a type of statistical method that tests the significance of the difference between two sample means when the population standard deviation is unknown or the sample sizes are small. A two-sample t-test can be used to compare the average salaries of two groups of employees in different departments.
An analyst runs a report on a daily basis, and the number of datapoints must be validated before the data can be analyzed. The number of datapoints increases each day by approximately 20% of the total number from the day before. On a given day, the number of datapoints was 8,798. Which of the following should be the total number of datapoints on the next day?
This is because the number of datapoints increases each day by approximately 20% of the total number from the day before. Therefore, to find the number of datapoints on the next day, we can use the formula:
Plugging in the given values, we get:
Since we are dealing with whole numbers, we can round up the result to the nearest integer, which is 10,600.
You should always choose the analytics tool that is most appropriate for any given situation, even if that means acquiring a new tool.
The statement is false. You should not always choose the analytics tool that is most appropriate for any given situation, even if that means acquiring a new tool. Acquiring a new tool can be costly, time-consuming, and risky, as it may not be compatible with your existing data sources, systems, or processes. It may also require additional training, maintenance, and support. Therefore, you should always consider the trade-offs between the benefits and drawbacks of acquiring a new tool versus using an existing one. You should also evaluate the feasibility, availability, and reliability of the new tool before making a decision. Reference: CompTIA Data+ (DA0-001) Practice Certification Exams | Udemy
Jhon is working on an ELT process that sources data from six different source systems.
Looking at the source data, he finds that data about the sample people exists in two of six systems.
What does he have to make sure he checks for in his ELT process?
Choose the best answer.
While invalid, redundant, or missing data are all valid concerns, data about people exists in two of the six systems. As such, Jhon needs to account for duplicate data issues.
A data analyst has been asked to organize the table below in the following ways:
By sales from high to low -
By state in alphabetic order -
Which of the following functions will allow the data analyst to organize the table in this manner?
Sorting is the function that will allow the data analyst to organize the table in the desired manner. Sorting means arranging the data in a specific order, such as ascending or descending, based on one or more criteria. Sorting can be applied to any column in the table, such as sales or state. References: CompTIA Data+ Certification Exam Objectives, page 11
While reviewing survey data, an analyst notices respondents entered “Jan,” “January,” and “01” as responses for the month of January. Which of the following steps should be taken to ensure data consistency?
Filter on any of the responses that do not say “January” and update them to “January”. This is because filtering and updating are data cleansing techniques that can be used to ensure data consistency, which means that the data is uniform and follows a standard format. By filtering on any of the responses that do not say “January” and updating them to “January”, the analyst can make sure that all the responses for the month of January are written in the same way. The other steps are not appropriate for ensuring data consistency. Here is why:
Deleting any of the responses that do not have “January” written out would result in data loss, which means that some information would be missing from the data set. This could affect the accuracy and reliability of the analysis.
Replacing any of the responses that have “01” would not solve the problem of data inconsistency, because there would still be two different ways of writing the month of January: “Jan” and “January”. This could cause confusion and errors in the analysis.
Sorting any of the responses that say “Jan” and updating them to “01” would also not solve the problem of data inconsistency, because there would still be two different ways of writing the month of January: “01” and “January”. This could also cause confusion and errors in the analysis.
The number of phone calls that the call center receives in a day is an example of:
Discrete data is a type of data that can only take certain values, usually whole numbers or integers. Discrete data can be counted, but not measured. For example, the number of students in a class, the number of books in a library, or the number of phone calls that a call center receives in a day are all examples of discrete data. Discrete data is different from continuous data, which can take any value within a range, and can be measured with precision. For example, the height of a person, the weight of a fruit, or the temperature of a room are all examples of continuous data. Therefore, the correct answer is D. References: [Discrete vs Continuous Data: Definition and Examples - Statistics How To], [Discrete Data - Definition and Examples | Math Goodies]
Emma is working in a data warehouse and finds a finance fact table links to an organization dimension, which in turn links to a currency dimension that not linked to the fact table.
What type of design pattern is the data warehouse using?
Correct answer C. Snowflake.
Since the dimension links to a dimension that isn't connected to the fact table, it must be a Snowflake, with a Star, all dimensions link directly to the fact table, Sun and Comet are not data warehouse design patterns.
Which of the following is the correct data type for text?
The correct data type for text is string. A string is a data type that represents a sequence of characters, such as letters, numbers, symbols, or spaces. A string can be enclosed by single quotes (’ ') or double quotes (" ") in most programming languages. For example, ‘Hello’, “World”, and “123” are all strings. The other options are not data types for text, but for other kinds of values. A boolean is a data type that represents a logical value, either true or false. An integer is a data type that represents a whole number, such as 1, 0, or -5. A float is a data type that represents a number with a fractional part, such as 3.14, 0.5, or -2.7. Reference: Data Types - W3Schools
A data analyst has been asked to create an ad-hoc sales report for the Chief Executive Officer (CEO).
Which of the following should be included in the report?
The report for the CEO should include YTD total sales, as this will provide a high-level overview of the sales performance of the company and show how it is meeting its annual goals. The other options are not appropriate for the CEO, as they are either too detailed or irrelevant for the report. The sales representatives’ home addresses, line-item SKU numbers, and customers’ first and last names are not related to the sales performance and might compromise the privacy and security of the data. Reference: CompTIA Data+ (DA0-001) Practice Certification Exams | Udemy
Which of the following data manipulation techniques is an example of a logical function?
This is because an IF function is a type of logical function that returns a value based on a condition or a set of conditions. An IF function can be used to manipulate data by applying different actions or calculations depending on whether the condition is true or false. For example, an IF function in Excel that can achieve this is:
=IF (condition, value_if_true, value_if_false)
The other data manipulation techniques are not examples of logical functions. Here is why:
Samantha needs to share a list of her organization's top 50 customers with the VP of sales.
She would like to include the name of the customer, the business they represent, their contact information, and their total sales over the past year.
The VP does not have any specialized analytics skills or software but would like to make some personal notes on the dataset.
What would be the best tool for Samantha to use to share this information?
This scenario presents a very simple use case where the business leader needs a dataset in an easy-to-access form and will not be performing any detailed analysis.
A simple spreadsheet, such as Microsoft Excel, would be the best tool for this job.
There is no need to use a statistical analysis package, such as SAS or Minitab, as this would likely confuse the VP without adding any value. The same is true of an integrated analytics suite, such as Power BI.
A research analyst wants to determine whether the data being analyzed is connected to other datapoints. Which of the following is the BEST type of analysis to conduct?
This is because link analysis is a type of analysis that determines whether the data being analyzed is connected to other datapoints, such as entities, events, or relationships. Link analysis can be used to identify and visualize the patterns, networks, or associations among the datapoints, as well as measure the strength, direction, or frequency of the connections. For example, link analysis can be used to determine if there is a connection between a customer’s purchase history and their loyalty program status. The other types of analysis are not the best types of analysis to conduct to determine whether the data being analyzed is connected to other datapoints. Here is why:
Encryption is a mechanism for protecting data.
When should encryption be applied to data?
Choose the best answer.
Correct answer B. When data is at rest or in transit.
To provide maximum protection, encrypt data both in transit and at rest.
Which of the following descriptive statistical methods are measures of central tendency? (Choose two.)
Mean and mode are measures of central tendency, which describe the typical or most common value in a distribution of data. Mean is the arithmetic average of all the values in a dataset, calculated by adding up all the values and dividing by the number of values. Mode is the most frequently occurring value in a dataset. Other measures of central tendency include median, which is the middle value when the data is sorted in ascending or descending order.
Which of the following is an example of a data-mining ETL tool?
A data-mining ETL tool is a software application that performs extract, transform, and load (ETL) operations on data for data mining purposes. Data mining is the process of discovering patterns, trends, and insights from large and complex data sets. ETL tools help to prepare the data for analysis by extracting data from various sources, transforming data into a consistent and suitable format, and loading data into a data warehouse or other destination. SSIS (SQL Server Integration Services) is an example of a data-mining ETL tool that is part of Microsoft SQL Server. SSIS provides graphical tools and wizards for building and debugging ETL packages that can work with various data sources and destinations. Therefore, the correct answer is A. References: [Data Mining - SQL Server Integration Services (SSIS) | Microsoft Docs], [What Is Data Mining? | Oracle]
Which of the following is an example of a discrete variable?
A discrete variable is a variable that can only take on a finite number of values, such as integers or categories. The number of people in an office is an example of a discrete variable, as it can only be a whole number. The temperature of a hot tub, the height of a horse, and the time to complete a task are examples of continuous variables, as they can take on any value within a range. Reference: CompTIA Data+ (DA0-001) Practice Certification Exams | Udemy
Which of the following is the correct data type for text?
A string is a data type that represents a sequence of characters, such as text, symbols, numbers, or punctuation marks. Strings are enclosed in quotation marks, such as “Hello”, “123”, or “!@#”. Strings can be manipulated, concatenated, sliced, indexed, formatted, and searched using various methods and functions. A string is different from other data types, such as boolean, integer, or float, which represent logical values (true or false), whole numbers, or decimal numbers respectively. Therefore, the correct answer is B. References: What is a String? | Definition and Examples, Python String Methods
A data analyst is developing a dashboard to track and monitor metrics. Which of the following best practices should be taken into during the FIRST pment process?
A dashboard is a graphical display that summarizes and presents key performance indicators (KPIs) and metrics for a business or a project. A dashboard should be clear, concise, and easy to understand. To develop a dashboard, one of the best practices is to create a wireframe or a mockup first. A wireframe or a mockup is a low-fidelity sketch or prototype of the dashboard layout and design, which helps to define the scope, requirements, and functionality of the dashboard. Creating a wireframe or a mockup can help to save time and resources, as well as to get feedback from stakeholders and users before deploying the dashboard to production. Therefore, the correct answer is A. References: [Dashboard Design Best Practices: 4 Key Principles | Toptal], [How to Create an Effective Dashboard (with Examples) | Tableau]
An analyst needs to provide a chart to identify the composition between the categories of the survey response data set:
Which of the following charts would be BEST to use?
A pie chart is the best choice to show the composition between the categories of the survey response data set. A pie chart represents the whole with a circle, divided by slices into parts. Each slice shows the relative size of each category as a percentage of the total. A pie chart is useful when the categories are mutually exclusive and add up to 100%. The table shows the favorite color and the number of responses for each color, which can be easily converted into percentages. A pie chart can show how each color contributes to the total number of responses.
Option A is incorrect because a histogram is used to show how data points are distributed along a numerical scale. The survey response data set is not numerical, but categorical.
Option C is incorrect because a line chart is used to show trends or changes over time. The survey response data set does not have a time dimension.
Option D is incorrect because a scatter plot is used to show the relationship between two numerical variables. The survey response data set does not have two numerical variables.
Option E is incorrect because a waterfall chart is used to show how an initial value is increased or decreased by a series of intermediate values. The survey response data set does not have an initial value or intermediate values.
Q3 2020 has just ended, and now a data analyst needs to create an ad-hoc sales report that demonstrates how well the Q3 2020 promotion went versus last year's Q3 promotion.
Which of the following date parameters should the analyst use?
The date parameters that the analyst should use are Q3 2019 vs. Q3 2020, as this will allow the analyst to compare the sales performance of the Q3 2020 promotion with the same period of last year. This will help to eliminate any seasonal or cyclical effects that might affect the sales data. The other options are not relevant for this purpose, as they either compare different quarters or different years. Reference: CertMaster Practice for Data+ Exam Prep - CompTIA
An analysts building a monthly report for production and wants to ensure the audience is aware of its once-a-month cadence. Which of the following is the MOST important to convey that information?
This is because the date of the dashboard build is the most important component to convey that information, which is the once-a-month cadence of the monthly report for production. The date of the dashboard build can convey that information by indicating when the dashboard was created or updated, as well as showing the frequency or interval of the dashboard creation or update. For example, the date of the dashboard build can convey that information by displaying a date format that includes the month and year, such as January 2020, February 2020, etc., or by displaying a text format that includes the word “monthly”, such as Monthly Report for Production - January 2020, Monthly Report for Production - February 2020, etc. The other components are not the most important components to convey that information. Here is why:
A web developer wants to ensure that malicious users can't type SQL statements when they asked for input, like their username/userid.
Which of the following query optimization techniques would effectively prevent SQL Injection attacks?
The correct answer is D: Parametrization. Parameterized SQL queries allow you to place parameters in an SQL query instead of a constant value. A parameter takes a value only when the query is executed, allowing the query to be reused with different values and purposes. Parameterized SQL statements are available in some analysis clients, and are also available through the Historian SDK.
For example, you could create the following conditional SQL query, which contains a parameter for the collector's name: SELECT* FROM ExamsDigest WHERE coursename=? ORDER BY tagname SQL Injection is best prevented through the use of parameterized queries.
The director of operations at a power company needs data to help identify where company resources should be allocated in order to monitor activity for outages and restoration of power in the entire state. Specifically, the director wants to see the following:
* County outages
* Overall trend of outages
Please, select each visualization to fit the appropriate space on the dashboard and choose an appropriate color scheme. Once you have selected all visualizations, please, select the appropriate titles and labels, if applicable. Titles and labels may be used more than once.
If at any time you would like to bring back the initial state of the simulation, please click the Reset All button.
This is a simulation question that requires you to create a dashboard with visualizations that meet the director’s needs. Here are the steps to complete the task: