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BCBA Sample Questions Answers

Questions 4

The reinforcement schedule that produces a high steady rate of responding is:

Options:

A.

FI.

B.

FR.

C.

VI.

D.

VR.

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Questions 5

In behavior analysis, the __________________ is usually __________________.

Options:

A.

Independent variable; a measure of behavior

B.

Dependent variable; a measure of behavior

C.

Baseline measure; unrelated to the behavior

D.

Independent variable; implemented before the baseline measure

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Questions 6

Alternative appropriate behaviors that serve the same function for an individual:

Options:

A.

Always involve skills the individual already possesses

B.

Produces the same reinforcer for the individual

C.

Have the same topography as the problem behavior

D.

Always requires the same amount of response effort as the problem behavior

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Questions 7

Behavioral contracts must includE.

Options:

A.

a summary of the functional assessment; the target behavior; and the consequences for its occurrence and non-occurrence.

B.

vocal descriptions of how the behavior is to be measured; the consequences for its occurrence and non-occurrence; the contract manager; and the target behavior.

C.

written descriptions of how the behavior is to be measured; when behavior must occur; the consequences for its occurrence and non-occurrence; the contract manager; and the target behavior.

D.

a summary of the functional assessment; written descriptions of how the behavior is to be measured; when behavior must occur; the contract manager; and the target behavior.

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Questions 8

A reliable measure is one that is:

Options:

A.

socially valid as indicated by caregiver reports.

B.

effective as evidenced by peer-reviewed journal articles.

C.

trusted to be practical and to produce accurate data.

D.

consistent across observers and measurement occasions.

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Questions 9

Unwanted side-effects associated with the use of an extinction procedure are MOST likely to appear:

Options:

A.

immediately after the extinction burst.

B.

after the individual realizes that the procedure will be implemented consistently.

C.

when ratio schedules are increased too rapidly.

D.

shortly after the procedure is first implemented.

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Questions 10

Teaching a receptive-identification task falls in the category of _____ instruction.

Options:

A.

tact

B.

mand

C.

listener

D.

intraverbal

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Questions 11

A __________________ is derived from a descriptive analysis.

Options:

A.

Hypothesis

B.

Statement of causation

C.

Data-driven conclusion

D.

Hypotenuse

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Questions 12

Jimmy is watching his favorite Saturday morning cartoon and playing with his train set. The cat walks past him and he pulls its tail. Jimmy's mother takes away one of his train cars. This is an example oF.

Options:

A.

response intervention.

B.

antecedent manipulation.

C.

response cost.

D.

overcorrection.

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Questions 13

When using direct instruction programs, teachers are often signaling students to respond in unison and moving through the tasks at a brisk pace so that they can:

Options:

A.

group students and build fluency.

B.

identify errors and build fluency.

C.

group students and identify errors.

D.

maintain speed and finish lessons.

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Questions 14

One of the MOST important reasons for writing a precise definition of behavior is that a precise definition:

Options:

A.

produces greater interobserver agreement and requires less training time for observers.

B.

allows for easier and more reliable quantification of temporal locus and temporal extent.

C.

increases the likelihood that the behavior of interest will be reliably detected by observers or measurement equipment.

D.

makes calibration checks of observers or measurement equipment less necessary.

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Questions 15

Tommy is looking at a photo album with his dad. He looks at his dad and then points to a picture of his mom and says, "Mommy." This is an example oF.

Options:

A.

a tact.

B.

transitivity.

C.

receptive language.

D.

matching to sample.

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Questions 16

Data were collected on the percentage of intervals at the end of which Thomas was present at his workstation. Which is the BEST method for displaying these data?

Options:

A.

cumulative record

B.

equal-interval line graph

C.

scatterplot

D.

standard behavior (semilogarithmic) chart

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Questions 17

Jack, a behavior analyst, is consulting about a student who engages in face slapping. A recent functional analysis clearly determined that the behavior is maintained by automatic reinforcement. In the past, reinforcement procedures alone were found to be ineffective. The current intervention consists of a punishment procedurE. pulling the student's hands away from his face contingent on any attempts to slap and saying, "No!" Jack shoulD.

Options:

A.

move ahead and collect data on the plan and revise as indicated regularly.

B.

refer to another behavior analyst who works with punishment only cases.

C.

re-do the assessment, add a reinforcement procedure, and plan to eliminate all punishment procedures.

D.

add a reinforcement procedure that focuses on replacement and/or incompatible behaviors and move forward with the plan.

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Questions 18

A child with food refusal behaviors accepts one bite out of the ten bites that her caregiver offered. What measure should be used to record this behavior?

Options:

A.

duration

B.

latency

C.

percent of occurrence

D.

trials to criterion

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Questions 19

A functional relationship exists only iF.

Options:

A.

changes in a response class produce a functional consequence.

B.

changes in a stimulus class consistently alter a property of a response class.

C.

reinforcement is contingent upon responding.

D.

a stimulus elicits a response without previous conditioning.

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Questions 20

Which situation is the BEST example of contingency-shaped behavior?

Options:

A.

A task analysis is used to teach Lilly how to clean her room.

B.

Dean is able to change the scale on a computerized graph after reading “how to” instructions.

C.

Billy’s mother tells him not to touch the stove because he could burn himself. Billy does not touch the stove.

D.

Jennifer sees a candy bar and she mands for it. Jennifer’s sister gives her the candy bar and she eats it.

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Questions 21

What could be done to clarify the differentiation in the frequency of aggression among the environments shown in this graph?

Options:

A.

Use an equal interval graph.

B.

Record data for an entire week.

C.

Include more environments along the horizontal axis.

D.

Change the vertical axis so that the range is zero to twenty.

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Questions 22

To increase the likelihood of beginning a difficult task:

Options:

A.

arrange a reinforcer for its completion.

B.

do several easy tasks first.

C.

arrange for periodic reminders.

D.

establish a deadline for completion.

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Questions 23

John's instructional program has successfully increased the number of words he reads correctly per minute. The procedures used include special worksheets, contingent reinforcement for number of words read correctly, and peer tutoring. The behavior analyst wants to determine which part or parts of the treatment have been effective, so he systematically dismantles the treatment and withdraws elements until the reading no longer improves. The behavior analyst is completing A.

Options:

A.

component analysis.

B.

multi-element design.

C.

parametric examination.

D.

reversal design.

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Questions 24

To teach Beth to wash her hands, staff trained Beth in all the steps identified in the task analysis in each session. They also introduced prompts in successive levels if Beth did not respond after a two-second waiting period. Which behavior chaining procedure was used in this program?

Options:

A.

backward

B.

forward

C.

global

D.

total task

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Questions 25

Having obtained appropriate consent, a behavior analyst wishes to communicate data to non-behavior analyst colleagues and family of the client. The most appropriate presentation strategy is:

Options:

A.

standard celeration charts.

B.

short video clips of client performance and line graphs.

C.

bar graphs comparing client performance to performance of peers.

D.

short video clips with a written anecdotal report.

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Questions 26

All of the following are appropriate methods for promoting maintenance and generalization of newly trained behaviors EXCEPT:

Options:

A.

gradually adding stimuli from the natural environment into the training setting.

B.

gradually altering the training antecedents to match naturally occurring ones.

C.

training others to reinforce the behavior in the natural setting.

D.

varying cues in the natural environment to match those in the training setting.

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Questions 27

An establishing operation is any change in the environment whicH.

Options:

A.

momentarily alters the effectiveness of the consequence for a behavior that was previously followed by reinforcement.

B.

alters the timing of a behavior and momentarily alters the frequency of the behavior that was previously followed by reinforcement.

C.

alters the effectiveness of some object or event as reinforcement thus momentarily changing the likelihood of behavior that was previously followed by that reinforcer.

D.

alters the effectiveness of some object or event as a contingency-shaped rule and at the same time changes the momentary frequency of the behavior that was previously followed by reinforcement.

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Questions 28

Which is the BEST example of stimulus generalization?

Options:

A.

Bonnie learned to choose and wear coordinated outfits but after one month she would only select red outfits.

B.

Jim was taught to say "hello" and continues to say "hello" to his trainer.

C.

Ricky became more productive in math and simultaneously his reading improved.

D.

Tim learned to ask for help from his teacher and now can ask a fellow student for help.

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Questions 29

Behavior that can be directly observed only by the person behaving is calleD.

Options:

A.

covert behavior.

B.

overt behavior.

C.

operant behavior.

D.

respondent behavior.

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Questions 30

What is a likely benefit of having trained a client to say both "truck" and "vehicle" in response to your saying "fire engine"? The client will now likely:

Options:

A.

point to pictures of trucks or vehicles.

B.

say "fire engine" when you present a picture of it.

C.

say "truck" when you say "vehicle."

D.

point to a truck when you say "vehicle."

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Questions 31

A narrative recording is used to clearly determine all of the following EXCEPT:

Options:

A.

duration of a behavior.

B.

function of a behavior.

C.

presence of a particular behavior.

D.

topography of undesirable behavior.

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Questions 32

In this graph, what is plotted on number 1?

Options:

A.

dependent variable

B.

independent variable

C.

session

D.

setting

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Questions 33

When an observer notes everything the client does or says as well as events before and after the episode of behavior, he or she is using:

Options:

A.

Duration recording

B.

Permanent product recording

C.

ABC recording

D.

Time sampling

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Questions 34

Observation sessions should be scheduled so that the representativeness of the data can be maximized. Considering behaviors occurring in a school setting, which of the following options is consistent with this recommendation?

Options:

A.

Behaviors are given letter-codes that represent the complete topographical definition of the behaviors, e.g., “on-task academic behavior” is represented by “O” on the recording sheet.

B.

Observations should be made only when the behavior is likely to occur most frequently during a day, for instance, during a particular academic class.

C.

Recordings of behavior during the whole school day may be needed initially to assess the representativeness of samples within the day.

D.

Representativeness can be assured by scheduling observations in sessions of 60 minutes or more in the morning and afternoon school schedule.

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Questions 35

When using a changing criterion design, the BEST demonstration of experimental control would be produced if the:

Options:

A.

criterion level is changed in equal increments.

B.

criterion level is changed slightly on each manipulation.

C.

criterion level is set well above that of the behavior.

D.

behavior changes concurrently with the criterion level.

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Questions 36

Frequency would be the MOST appropriate measure for which scenario?

Options:

A.

The behavior analyst wants to reduce the number of times Jack hits Jill.

B.

Jack wants his employees to increase the number of kits made in one hour.

C.

Jack's parents want him to reduce his persistent hand flapping.

D.

Jill wants to increase her son's compliance with room-cleaning requests.

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Questions 37

The purpose of conducting a functional assessment is to:

Options:

A.

Complete a functional analysis

B.

Manipulate variables that affect behavior

C.

Obtain information from which to create a hypothesis statement

D.

Determine how effective a treatment intervention is

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Questions 38

Select the best staff training package:

Options:

A.

Staff are given a book on behavior analysis and asked to read it; comprehension tests are given after each chapter

B.

Staff are given explanation of the procedures, then a weekly feedback system is implemented to sharpen their skills

C.

Explanations of each procedure are given to the staff, then the supervisor demonstrates the procedures; staff are given opportunities to practice the skills with feedback from supervisors

D.

The supervisor conducts role playing sessions with the staff with weekly feedback provided for performance

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Questions 39

Placing a request that a child is least likely to perform at the end of a series of requests that the child is most likely to perform is a phenomenon known as:

Options:

A.

The Premack principle

B.

High-probability request sequence

C.

Errorless learning

D.

Mediated transfer

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Questions 40

A person is asked to make his bed. His caregiver checks 30 minutes later and the bed was made. No one else was present during that time. The caregiver records that the client made his bed even though he did not observe the behavior directly. The data collection method used is:

Options:

A.

Duration recording

B.

Whole-interval recording

C.

Latency recording

D.

Permanent product recording

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Questions 41

A teacher says: “Everyone, you have math homework tonight. Tomorrow, I will draw a name from a hat. If that person has completed his or her homework and remembered to bring it back to school, everyone will get extra recess.” What type of group contingency is this?

Options:

A.

This is not a group contingency

B.

Independent group contingency

C.

Interdependent group contingency

D.

Dependent group contingency

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Questions 42

The use of a withdrawal design is LEAST appropriate when:

Options:

A.

evaluating an intervention for severe problem behavior.

B.

evaluating the effects of an intervention for behavior that has multiple functions.

C.

extraneous variables cannot be controlled.

D.

multiple participants are being evaluated.

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Questions 43

A behavior analyst is conducting research on the accuracy of a student's responding to written math problems based on the final answer with no scoring of intermediate calculations. Which is the BEST method for obtaining accurate inter-observer agreement results?

Options:

A.

Researcher and observer sit together to score the student's work.

B.

Photocopies of the student's work are scored independently by researcher and observer.

C.

The student's scratch paper is scored if researcher and observer do not agree on a response.

D.

Researcher scores the student's work and the observer reviews the researcher's scores for accuracy.

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Questions 44

When using an alternating treatments design it is important to randomly:

Options:

A.

assign participants to treatment conditions.

B.

select participants from the population of interest.

C.

order treatment conditions presented during each phase.

D.

change each criterion level.

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Questions 45

Which schedule of reinforcement is most effective at maintaining behaviors?

Options:

A.

Continuous reinforcement

B.

Intermittent reinforcement

C.

Extinction

D.

Ratio

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Questions 46

When shopping with her dad, Sally knocks items off the shelf, especially canned goods. The cans make a loud noise when they hit the floor. Her dad decides to teach her an alternative behavior.

What alternative behavior is the BEST choice to teach?

Options:

A.

Sally pushes the shopping cart with both hands.

B.

Sally drops items into the cart when her dad gives them to her.

C.

Sally keeps her hands in her pockets while in the store.

D.

Sally holds dad's hand while shopping and gets to let go when quiet.

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Questions 47

An experimenter examines the level of noise in a school bus full of children under the following conditions: baseline, rock music, baseline, classical music. In this experiment, the dependent variable is:

Options:

A.

Time

B.

The number of children on the bus

C.

The level of noise

D.

The type of music

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Questions 48

If a behavior analyst states, “It took four attempts, but Johnny completed the puzzle,” she is using which measure?

Options:

A.

Whole interval

B.

Percent of occurrence

C.

Trials to criterion

D.

Frequency

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Questions 49

This graph BEST exemplifies:

Options:

A.

clear demonstration of an effective intervention.

B.

a decrease in variability due to the intervention.

C.

a change in the level between baseline and intervention phases.

D.

a change in the trend between baseline and intervention phases.

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Questions 50

Which of the following would not be a type of function of behavior identified during a functional assessment?

Options:

A.

Attention

B.

Escape

C.

Frustration

D.

Access to tangibles

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Questions 51

What are the three elements of informed consent?

Options:

A.

No coercion, approval, voluntariness

B.

Capacity, age, voluntariness

C.

Informed, age, voluntariness

D.

Capacity, informed, voluntariness

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Questions 52

Carlos participated in a toothbrushing skill acquisition program. When he started the program, he needed physical assistance to perform each step. After two weeks, he met all objectives and was able to complete each step independently. The program involved the use of graduated guidance, praise, and token reinforcement. In the future, the behavior analyst would like to examine which procedures made the program most effective (i.e., guidance, praise, or token reinforcement). To determine this, the behavior analyst could use a

Options:

A.

component analysis.

B.

discriminant analysis.

C.

nonparametric analysis.

D.

parametric analysis.

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Questions 53

You are working with a client who finds physical touch to be aversive. When the person is off task, the program calls for you to give a warning by counting to 10; at that point, you gently touch him if he is not back on task. The touch remains until he returns to task. Please note that being touched is aversive for this particular individual. If the person gets back on task during counting, this is an example of:

Options:

A.

Escape

B.

Avoidance

C.

Positive reinforcement

D.

Stimulus fading

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Questions 54

When setting criteria for behavior change, behavior analysts attempt to implement the simplest mode of intervention necessary to elicit the desired outcome. As such, the identified outcome criteria should be

Options:

A.

applied to ecological assessments to generalize skills.

B.

developed prior to the identified intervention.

C.

initially broad in focus with subsequent reduction to a target response.

D.

measured independent of practice effects or reactivity.

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Exam Code: BCBA
Exam Name: Board Certified Behavior Analyst
Last Update: Jun 8, 2024
Questions: 180
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